May 26, 2023 3 min read

What Is Dental Plaque?

Dental plaque is a sticky and colorless or light yellow film that's constantly forming over the teeth. The bacteria could cling to Plaque and produce acids which may cause tooth decay. 

The formation of plaque begins on the teeth after 4-12 hours of brushing. That’s why it's crucial to practice a good oral hygiene routine and regular dental hygiene that can assist in removing and avoiding plaque. The plaque, which is made up of bacteria, develops between your teeth as well as on the line of your gums.

Scientists use the "biofilm" term for plaque because it's actually a living microbe that is surrounded by a sticky polymer layer. The sticky coating aids in helping microbes to attach to the surfaces inside your mouth and are able to grow into vibrant micro colonies.

Are you worried about the formation of dental plaque and the effects of plaque on the teeth? Don’t worry, plaque is extremely prevalent, and it is possible to effectively control and treat the formation of plaque by using Advanced Oral Health Care Products.



What causes plaque on teeth? It's bacteria. Certain bacteria can be beneficial, but some can accumulate on your teeth's surfaces and form a plaque biofilm. It's usually located near your gum line. Although it's common and normal, it is important to keep the sugar from mixing with it. The bacteria feed off sugars and produce acids that can cause plaque on teeth.



Plaque and tartar are both dental conditions and can affect oral health.

Plaque is a sticky film that continually forms on teeth and gums, typically consisting of bacteria, food debris, and saliva. Plaque can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath when left unremoved on a regular basis. Plaque can be removed easily by brushing your teeth regularly.

Tartar (Calculus): Tartar is a harder form of plaque that occurs when plaque isn't adequately removed from teeth. Unfortunately, tartar cannot be removed through regular dental hygiene practices alone! You need to visit the dentist.

Discover More: What Are Teeth Made Out Of | Teeth Vs Bone



Do you know? How Can Plaque on Teeth Affect My Oral Health? Here are the primary consequences of plaque accumulation

  • Tooth Decay-  Plaque contains harmful bacteria which produce acids when they break down carbohydrates in your mouth, attacking tooth enamel demineralization and leading to tooth decay or cavities.
  • Gum Disease- When plaque build-up remains undetected for long enough, it can irritate and inflame gum tissue resulting in gingivitis (Gum Inflammatory Disorder). It may include reddening, swelling, and bleeding gums.
  • Bad Breath- Plaque buildup provides an ideal environment for bacteria to flourish in, which then produce gaseous molecules which give off foul smells, leading to persistent bad breath (or "halitosis").
  • Tooth Discoloration - Plaque has a yellowish tint and can stain teeth over time, leading to noticeable yellow or brown discolorations of your smile.
  • Tartar Formation- If plaque accumulation continues without proper removal practices such as brushing and flossing, it can harden and mineralize into tartar (calculus).
  • Tooth Sensitivity- Over time, plaque increases tooth sensitivity, and you will feel hot and cold when eating.



  • Daily brush your teeth thoroughly using fluoride-free toothpaste
  • Utilize antiseptic mouthwashes to kill bacteria and minimize plaque formation
  • Regular visits to your dentist
  • Avoid smoking
  • Maintain a healthy diet



How can I reduce dental plaque?

You can reduce plaque by maintaining a proper oral care routine.

How is plaque diagnosed?          

Plaque can typically be diagnosed during a dental examination conducted by either a dentist or dental hygienist, who will visually inspect your teeth and gums, looking out for signs of plaque build-up.

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