May 24, 2023 3 min read

What Causes Tooth Enamel Erosion And Damage?

Throughout our entire life, our teeth are always in danger. Tooth enamel erosion is a common dental issue that occurs when the protective layer of enamel on our teeth gradually wears away. The acid plays a crucial role in this process as it erodes the enamel over time, leaving the teeth vulnerable to various dental problems. While food and drinks are the primary culprits behind tooth enamel loss, there are several other factors that can contribute to high acid production and exacerbate the erosion process. This article delves into the different causes of tooth enamel erosion and what happens if you break your enamel ranging from lifestyle factors to underlying medical conditions.



While enamel is incredibly strong, it is not durable and can be damaged or broken due to a variety of factors, including:

Dietary Habits:

What can damage tooth enamel? Frequent consumption of acidic foods and beverages can significantly contribute to tooth enamel erosion. Acidic substances, such as citrus fruits, carbonated drinks, sports drinks, and vinegary foods, introduce acids into the mouth, which gradually damage the enamel.

Dry Mouth:

Having a dry mouth, also known as xerostomia, can increase the risk of tooth enamel erosion. Saliva plays a crucial role in neutralizing acids and maintaining a healthy pH balance in the mouth. However, individuals with dry mouths do not produce enough saliva, leading to an imbalance and allowing acids to attack the enamel more easily.

Acid Reflux:

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or frequent acid reflux can have detrimental effects on tooth enamel. Acid reflux causes stomach acid to flow back into the mouth, exposing the teeth to acid on a regular basis. The repeated contact between the acid and enamel can gradually wear it down, resulting in erosion over time.

GI Tract Issues:

Certain gastrointestinal conditions, such as bulimia or frequent vomiting due to other medical reasons, introduce stomach acid into the mouth. The highly acidic nature of stomach acid can cause severe erosion of tooth enamel when it comes into contact with the teeth repeatedly.


Some medications, including aspirin and antihistamines, can contribute to tooth enamel erosion. These medications, especially when taken frequently or in large doses, have acidic properties that can directly damage the enamel. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional or dentist about the potential side effects of medications and take necessary precautions to protect the teeth.

Salivary Flow:

Inadequate salivary flow, also known as hyposalivation, can be caused by various factors such as certain medical conditions, medications, or radiation therapy. Saliva helps neutralize acids and remineralize the enamel, so a reduced salivary flow can leave the teeth vulnerable to acid attacks and accelerate enamel erosion.


Genetics can also play a role in tooth enamel erosion. Some individuals may naturally have thinner enamel or be more prone to dental issues, including erosion. If there is a family history of tooth enamel problems, it is important to take extra precautions to protect the enamel through proper oral hygiene and using Dentist Formulated Fluoride Free Remineralizing Toothpaste With Nano Hydroxyapatite For Enamel Repair And Sensitive Teeth Peppermint Wow Flavor.


Bruxism, the habit of grinding or clenching the teeth, can contribute to tooth enamel erosion. The constant pressure exerted on the teeth during grinding can wear down the enamel over time, making it more susceptible to acid attacks and erosion.

Discover More: Can You Rebuild Your Enamel And Dentin?



Can enamel repair itself?

Enamel, the outer layer of your teeth, cannot repair itself once it is damaged. Unlike other parts of your body, such as bone or skin, enamel does not have living cells. It is a mineralized substance composed mainly of calcium and phosphate. Therefore, once enamel is eroded or damaged, it cannot regenerate or heal on its own.

Should I be worried about enamel loss?

Enamel loss is a concern as it can lead to various dental issues. Enamel protects the underlying layers of the teeth, and its loss can increase the risk of tooth decay, tooth sensitivity, and discoloration. If you suspect enamel loss? It is recommended to visit a dentist or practice proper oral care. 

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